fredag, juli 24, 2020

د دردونو فوران ؛ | لیکنه: محمد اسمعیل یون


په یوه حساب پنځه دېرش او په بل حساب شل کاله کېږي چغې وهم ، چې پښتون ځورول کېږي پښتون وژل کېږي ، پښتون تباه دی او پښتون لا پسې تباه کېږي، خو یو زیات شمېر پښتنو او اکثرو ناپښتنو د نشنلیست ، متعصب او فاشیست په نوم تورن کړم ، خو ما د خپل وس تر وروستي بریده د پښتنو د مظلومیت چغه پورته کړه او د داسې ظلم انځور مې تر خپله وسه وکاږه چې د غوړه مال او ځانساتي پښتون ضد واکمن پښتون او د پښتنو د شعوري مخالفینو د ګډ نا مشروعو تعامل په نتیجه کې رامنځته شوی و.

که کرزی او غني له عقله نه ، بلکې له نسله پښتانه نه وای ، نو په ټول عمر کې به په دې سیاسي ظرفیت ، دې څوکۍ ته نه وای رسېدلي ، خو د کوم قوم په برکت چې دوی واک او ځواک ته ورسېدل ، تر ټولو زیات یې پښتانه په کې خوار او زبون کړل ، ان د چنګېزخان پر وخت هم پښتانه دومره نه وو کړول شوي ، لکه د دوی په واکمنۍ کې . تر ټولو دردوونکی حالت بیا دا دی چې د دې بدمرغیو پړه هم د همدې چارواکو او د هغو د اړوندو غوړه مالانو له خوا پر همدې پښتون قوم اچول کېږي.


نن چې په بغلان کې یو پښتون مشر او سپینږيري په عامه غونډه کې خپلې جامې ووېستلې ، دا په واقعیت کې د ټول پښتون قوم د دردونو او نه بیانېدوونکو غمونو یو رښتینی انځور دی.
پښتنو مشرانو او کشرانو ، چارواکو او بېواکو ! ځان به نه تېرباسو ، د ټولنې دردوونکی واقعیت همدا دی چې نن په بغلان کې حسن خان څرګند کړ. زما په ګډون به ډېر نور پښتانه هم له داسې دردوونکي حالت سره مخامخ شوي وي ، خو څرنګه چې موږ سره خپل قلم کله کله ملګرتیا کوي او رسنیو ته لاسرسی لرو ، نو ځکه د خپلو غمونو په بیان کې داسې یو دردوونکي فوراني حالت نه یو رسېدلي.
د ډېر درد او غم خبره دا ده چې د پښتنو او د ټول افغانستان د سالمیت لومړۍ درجه شعوري مخالفین د دولت پر لومړیو او اساسي څوکیو ناست دي او د نا شعوره پښتون پاچا له خوا ورته د پښتون وژنې او هېواد ورانونې په پار مکافات ورکول کېږي او که پښتون بیا د دې بې عدالتۍ په مقابل کې غږ پورته کړ ، نو هغه بیا د نشنلیست ، متعصب او د ملي وحدت د مخالف په نوم په شلو تورونو تورن شي . درباري غوړه مالان د دې پر ځای چې د ولس ننګه وکړي ، یو دم خولې وازې کړې چې ولسمشره زر کلن شې او هېڅ بدیل نه لرې…

tisdag, juli 21, 2020

70-meter wall costs Afghan Embassy $1.8m















































By: Abdul Raqeeb Sail

KABUL (Pajhwok): The Afghanistan Embassy in the United States has reconstructed its boundary wall measuring 70 meters at a cost of around 1,825,839 US dollars after its reconstruction for $88,000 was rejected by the embassy, Pajhwok has learnt.

For building the 70-meter wall, KADCON Corporation has been given $1,586,000, VIKA Company received $12,750 for survey, ECS received $12,250 for soil test, KCE received $64,839 for technical advices and DLA Piper received $150 for making contracts and legal consultation.

Nearly 21-time high rate

According to information, the wall has been built 20.74 times higher cost than the initial company proposed and each meter-square cost 8,694 US dollars.

A reliable source told Pajhwok Afghan News that a company had offered reconstruction of the 70-meter long and three-meter high wall of the eastern part of the Afghan embassy in Washington at a cost of 88,000 US dollars but the embassy rebuilt the wall at a cost of 1,586,000 US dollars through a contract by another company.

The source said the wall between the embassy and a house had collapsed on March 21, 2019 due to “negligence” on the part of the embassy and the owner of the neighboring house had repeatedly written to the embassy and requested the Afghan mission to construct the wall.

Pajhwok also received a copy of the document sent by the Afghan Embassy to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MoFA) on March 29, 2019, along with letter No18.

It shows that JG Construction Company initially offered to build the wall at a cost of 68,100 US dollars but later raised the price to over 88,000 US dollars.

A credible source, speaking on the condition of anonymity, told Pajhwok that the ambassador in Washington had taken responsibility of the project from Barakatullah Rahmati due to pave the way for “corruption” in the project and she asked Haris Ansari from Kabul to be hired instead of Rahmati.

The source explained: “The ambassador (Roya Rahmani) changed the previous calculations for the project in consultation with Yama Nizam, Humayun Qayyumi, some members of the National Procurement Commission and Presidential Adviser Shad Mohammad. Instead, in a letter 912 dated October 26, 2019, a contract was signed with an American-based company KADCON Corporation at a cost of 1,586,000 US dollars – a decision the central government has accepted.”

The Afghan Embassy could purchase a building

According to the source, the collapsed wall made up about seventh part of the embassy’s perimeter wall and the price (around 1.8 million US dollars) for its construction was enough to purchase a complete building a few kilometers away from the diplomatic area.

He said four other small contracts had also been signed regarding the reconstruction of the wall.

According to MoFA’s letter, the ECS Company has been awarded 12,250 US dollars against soil test for reconstruction of the wall.

A detailed report about the wall projects received by Pajhwok Afghan News shows that VIKA Company received 64,839 US dollar for technical advice.

For survey, the same (VIKA) company received 12,750 US dollars from the embassy.

A credible source in MoFA said DLA Piper company was paid 150,000 US dollars for arranging the contracts and legal advice.

A copy of the letter from the MoFA, received by Pajhwok shows that 1,586,000 US dollars had been transferred to the embassy’s bank account under the contract for the wall reconstruction.

The source quoted finance diplomats of the embassy as saying, the money had not been paid directly to the project’s contractors but through cheques from a third party via the embassy’s financial account.

He also accused Roya Rahmani of “negligence” in maintaining the embassy building and of “corruption” in the reconstruction of the wall, saying she also kept the embassy staff in the dark.

The contract is approved by National Procurement Commission

The Afghan embassy in Washington also accepted bids from the two companies, saying that final price (1,586,000 US dollars) had been approved by the NPC for the construction of the wall.

Sayed Najib Hashimi, spokesman for the Afghan embassy in Washington, told Pajhwok that the 70-meter long wall of the embassy had been crumbling to dust for the past 27 years and finally collapsed last year due to heavy rains and the embassy repeatedly contacted the “authorities”.

He said the JG company initially based on estimation offered 68,100 US dollars for reconstruction of the wall, excluding project’s implementation and cleanliness costs after rebuilding of the wall.

He informed that the same company had again accepted the certain conditions and offered 88,180 US dollars to the embassy but the offer was rejected by MoFA and neighbor of the embassy because they did not trust the firm.

Hashimi added: “The house owner (neighbor of the embassy where the wall is collapsed) has been in contact with MoFA’s officials and some members of Congress, so he politicized the issue of the wall and at last he hired a special lawyer for asking to implement the project and the embassy introduced Finance Ministry’s advisor Yama Nizami.”

He also acknowledged that in agreement with both parties and in accordance with the principles of the Washington DC municipality, a contract of 12,750 US dollars was signed with VIKA Company to determine the volume, dimension, construction and survey of the wall.

Hashimi added that another contract at a cost of 68,830 US dollars was signed with a company named KCE for technical advices and for soil testing 12,250 US dollar’s contract awarded to ECS Company.

According to him, the project was approved by the NPC on September 2, 2019 with KADCON Corporation in accordance with the decision number 3,557.

A source in MoFA told Pajhwok that Presidential Adviser Shah Mohammad Sargand in consultation with Humayun Qayyumi had asked MoFA deputy financial minister in a letter termed the agreement of the project with KADCON company as successful and requested another 300,000 US dollars.

The source said: “The issued was raised by Qayyumi at a NPC meeting, but in part of the project, the National Procurement Authority (NPA) is considering, it is written that the project should be approved based on Qayyumi’s guidance and emergency situation.”

According to the source, the MoFA received approval for the project and they shared it with the Afghan embassy in Washington and transferred money from the Ministry of Finance.

Ahmad Ramin Ayaz, spokesman for NPA, told Pajhwok that the Afghan embassy had launched the project in accordance with the American procurement law and six firms had joined the bidding.

The project has been presented by the MoFA to NPC meeting number 198th and after discussion, it was approved following the emergency situation, he explained.

According to the embassy’s spokesman, based on the decision of NPC, the project was handed over to Presidential Adviser Shah Mohammad Sargand.

Hashimi added: “The money could not be directly given to the companies because they were looking at the progress of the construction of the wall and needed the approval of Shah Mohammad Sargand.”

However, Pajhwok emailed JG Company and Shah Mohammd Sargand for comment but they did not respond until today (Saturday, July 11).

Ansari fired, but he kept official card

A credible source, speaking on the condition of anonymity, told Pajhwok that the ambassador in Washington had taken responsibility of the project from Barakatullah Rahmati in order to to pave the way for “corruption” in the project and she asked Haris Ansari from Kabul to be hired instead of Rahmati.

The ambassador called Haris Ansari to Washington, son-in-law of the project supervisor Shah Mohammad Sargand from Kabul, but after the issue was reported in the media, the president ordered Haris’s dismissal and Ansari sought refuge in the US instead of returning to Kabul and disappeared without returning the official cards to the embassy.

Regarding Ansari’s case, a report from MoFA shows that Roya Rahmani had secretly sent a proposal to the central government for appointment of Ansari but instead of citing appointment, “administrative matter”  has  written in the embassy’s book and after the issue became controversial, the MoFA fired Ansari.

Ansari, who is currently in the US, told Pajhwok that he had been asked by Roya Rahmani to serve in technology sector, but 20 days later the ministry fired him for “unknown reasons”.

He denied allegations he had sought refuge in the US, saying he had visited America several times before.

He said he had been appointed as third secretary of the Afghan embassy in Egypt, but because of waiting for a visa, he was introduced to the Afghan embassy in Washington and now he was unaware that why he was fired.

A letter sent by the MoFA to Afghan embassy in the US, a copy of which is available with Pajhwok, shows that Haris Ansari was appointed to solve the problems of the wall project.

Hashimi, spokesman for the embassy, said Ansari was introduced to the embassy by MoFA but was recalled to Kabul after half a month.

 “When an employee is recalled to Kabul, like other embassies, the embassy handles the return until a plane ticket, but could not force the employee to return for deport,” he added.

Gran Hewad, spokesman for MoFA, told Pajhwok that the issue was “sensitively important’ and they held two meeting for collecting information and after the 3rd meeting today (Saturday), they would provide information to Pajhwok and promised to talk about the matter again tomorrow.

This report has been produced by Pajhwok and financially supported by UNDP and Denmark.







tisdag, juni 23, 2020

Ventilators donated to MoPH smuggled to Pakistan



By Abdul Raqeeb Sail

KABUL (Pajhwok): As coronavirus patients are dying for lack of oxygen in hospitals, 32 ventilators donated to Afghanistan have been smuggled to neighbouring Pakistan, Pajhwok Afghan News has learnt reliably.

An Afghan businessman tried to buy these ventilators which, according to sources, cost $600,000 and hand them over to the government in Kabul. The Ministry of Public Health (MoPH) is investigating the smuggling of the machines.

Pajhwok Afghan News has received audio clips and photographs showing the 32 ventilators that have been smuggled to Peshawar. The entire process has been conducted on Whatsapp Application, in which smugglers talk about the price and place of the ventilators.

In the audio clip, one person says: “There are 32 S-100 model ventilators, but remember they are stolen from Afghanistan’s Public Health Ministry.”

He continues: “The man who dispatched these ventilators stressed that no one in MoPH should know that this model of ventilators cost $18,000 to $25,000. See if they need them, then we can talk.”

An Afghan businessman, who wished not to be named, told Pajhwok Afghan News he had been following the matter with sources in Pakistan and trying to purchase the smuggled ventilators.

“I am negotiating the purchase of these ventilators. Even I have negotiated the price. We want 15, but they stressed we should buy all of them. So far nothing is decided,” explained the businessman.

A trusted aide to the businessman met the smuggler, who said the ventilators were donated by an NGO to MoPH. They refrained from sharing more information on the issue.

The smugglers, afraid of being exposed, are very careful. They want to sell one ventilator for $8,000 while the businessman has offered $5,000.

Pajhwok has also received documents and photographs that show the ventilators have been manufactured by the Beijing Aeonmed Co, Ltd. This Beijing-based firms manufactures OR and ICU medical equipment. According to their website ‘ventilator vg70 controller head’ is their product and its price ranges between $12,000 and $17,000.

Ventilators play an important role in the treatment of respiratory diseases, including patients suffering from coronavirus and struggling with respiration.

They are of two types -- one ventilator used in hospitals and the other called CPAP is used in homes.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 80 percent of coronavirus patients need treatment in hospitals. Of every six patients, one faces respiratory problems.

Ventilator is a machine that helps you breathe when you are sick, injured or sedated for an operation. It pumps oxygen-rich air into your lungs. It also helps you breathe out carbon dioxide, a harmful waste gas your body needs to get rid of.

Akmal Samsor, Public Health Ministry Advisor and spokesperson, said ventilators were machines that required professional individuals to operate them. Common doctors could not operate them because pipes go deep into human body and it was a hard task that every doctor could not do.

Referring to the smuggling of some ventilators, he promised MoPH would investigate the issue. The individuals involved in their smuggling would be dealt with according to the law, he vowed.

The Chinese embassy in Kabul was asked for comments in this regard through an e-mail. The embassy responded that information on this matter would be shared after permission from the ambassador.

For confirmation of the origin of the ventilators, an e-mail was also sent to Beijing Aeonmed Co, Ltd. But no response was received from it in six days.

Lack of ventilators

Ventilators that provide artificial oxygen to critical coronavirus patients are smuggled to Pakistan at a time when the devices are desperately needed in the country. Several people have lost the battle against the respiratory disease due to non-availability of ventilators.

Health officials say 336 artificial oxygen devices are currently available in the country, but still there was need for more ventilators and professional individuals in different provinces.

Samsor said according to the list available with the ministry, China had provided four ventilators, Turkey three, Iran three and WHO in support of the World Bank delivered 27.

But a well-placed source in MoPH accused ministry officials of hiding the exact number of ventilators. The source said MoPH did not want the public to know which country had provided how many ventilators to Afghanistan.

The source added a Qatar-based welfare organisation had provided 12 ventilators to Afghanistan. Assistance provided by Saudi Arabia also included ventilators, but MoPH is tight-lipped on their number.

On June 11, Turkey handed over its coronavirus-related assistance to Afghanistan and Health Minister Jawad Usmani said three PCR and 10 artificial respiratory devices were part of the aid. The MoPH spokesperson also acknowledged the assistance was transferred to the central warehouse two days ago.

On May 13, MoPH on wrote on its Facebook page the Turkish TIKA Office had provided it with some medical equipment in assistance that included three ventilators.

On May 6, MoPH on said Qatar’s Algorafa Al Shakih Ali Bin Abdullah Bin Sani Al Sani Welfare Foundation provided it medical assistance worth $1.3. The assistance included three PCR machines, seven ventilators, six oxygen machines, 10 suction machines, one x-ray machine and other medical equipment.

On May 19, Qatar provided its first package of medical assistance. On June 2, Russia delivered medical assistance. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) has also provided medical support to Afghanistan.

Acting Public Health Minister Ahmad Jawad Usmani said in a message there were at least 10 ventilators in the central warehouse, which were not used. Hospitals need the devices and they would receive machines soon.

On Sunday, Usmani told reporters currently there was no shortage of ventilators. However, he acknowledged there was oxygen shortage a few days back.

Meanwhile, provincial officials complain of a lack of facilities. Kandahar Public Health Director Mohammad Tawoos Ashraf Naderi said there were only two ventilators in the province and they were not enough for patients.

He added they used the machines only when the condition of patients deteriorated. According to him, the province needs at least 50 more ventilators. Technical workers and professionals are also needed to operate the ventilators.

Naderi explained they had enough budgets to purchase the devices for Kandahar hospitals but they would take action once the issue of airspace closure was resolved.

Ismael Stanikzai, in charge of combating coronavirus in eastern Nangarhar province, said they had only six ventilators at the hospital for Covid-19 patients and that they needed at least four more machines.

He said: “These devices are very useful when patients’ condition deteriorates. The device could save his/her life.”

Balkh Public Health Director Nizamuddin Jalil said there were 14 such devices in the province. Since most patients are taken to the hospital in critical condition, the devices produce a positive effect. He also stressed the need for more ventilators.

Mohammad Shafiq, a spokesman for the Public Health Department in Herat, said they had 18 ventilators and 10 of them were received from MoPH and four donated by Qatar through the Al-Ghurafa Foundation. He also stressed the need for another 10 machines.

Maseeh Noori, speaking for the coronavirus hospital in Kabul, said the Afghan-Japan and Mohammad Ali Jinnah Hospitals had eight ventilators each. He insisted the machines were very handy but each of the hospitals needed 20 more.

An individual named Kamin Ahmad Noori recently uploaded a video on his Facebook page, claiming a coronavirus patient lost his life to the lack of ventilators in a Khost hospital.

The day after the video was posted by Noori, some residents and civil society activists rallied against the lack of ventilators at the Kaderi Hospital in Khost. At the hospital devoted to combating the Covid-19 pandemic, they alleged, lives of patients were at risk.

Khost Public Health Director Habib Shah Ansari said only two ventilators existed in the province, which needed as many more.

Mukhtar Ghafarzai, another citizen, asked on Whatsapp: “Find out a hospital that has a ventilator or one that gives it on rent. If anyone knows about such a hospital, cooperate with us admitting our patients there…”

In response to his request, another Aziz Ahmadzai said: “It is very unfortunate that there is no ventilator in the nation’s capital. In such a compelling situation, may Allah accept our prayers quickly. Let’s say together Amin.”

Nasreen Oryakhel, director of the Afghanistan Medical Council, told a press conference last week the foundation’s findings showed that most of coronavirus patients had died in hospitals due to lack of oxygen. The council monitored Kabul hospitals for two weeks.

According to MoPH, so far over 29,143 people have tested positive for the disease, 598 have died and nearly 8,841 others have recovered from the pandemic.

But Akmal Samsor, spokesman for MoPH, strongly rejected the claims of Nasreen Oryakhel and said there was no shortage of oxygen. He wondered why the Afghanistan Medical Council reported it.

According to the number, fatalities of Afghanistan are less compare to the neighboring countries; like Pakistan’s death level is 1.88 and ours is 1.86.

He added a total of 3,500 beds had been set up in the country to prevent the spread of coronavirus, and 3,200 of them were occupied last week; it meant that 40 percent ICU vacant.

Samsor claimed patients’ failure to follow medical guidelines often led to the death of Covid-19 patients, who were evacuated to hospital after their condition deteriorated, They cannot be saved, even if put on ventilators.

On May 18, the National Procurement Commission (NPC) approved a recommendation for the purchase of 500 ventilators following an increase in number of coronavirus patients, shortage of ventilators in provinces and a spate of complaints from the health sector.

The MoPH spokesman said NPC had purchased from a German firm 500 ventilators for the ministry, which was waiting for the resumption of flights to bring them home.

A public health official, meanwhile, alleged that corruption was delaying the timely delivery of ventilators. He claimed there was evidence of a deliberate delayed in transportation of the devices to let prices sky-rocket.

The source disclosed they had finalised the purchase of ventilators for $7,500 apiece but a circle in the Presidential Palace insisted on buying machine for $50,000. Shakir Kargar, chief of staff to the president, wanted to buy one machine for $25,000 from Turkey, he charged.

Pajhwok messaged Zabihullah Zahid, personal secretary to Shakir Kargar, but received no response.

The NPC has purchased 500 ventilators from a Germany company (CAMED Medical System Gmbh) for 5.5 million dollars, with the average cost of one device working out at $9,700.

The National Procurement Authority (NPA) signed a contract with the German company because the Istanbul Parma put the price of one device at $25,000 and another firm named Dakash Healthcare demanded $25,900 apiece. The MoPH paid only $16,200.

In line with its decision No 4,039, which was taken at its 215th meeting, the NPA purchased 400 of the 500 ventilators for $7,500 and the remaining 100 for 12,000 euros because of a surge in market prices. The total cost of the devices is 4.2 million dollars, but the decision shows more than 1.3 million dollars in additional cost.

Ramin Ayaz, a spokesman for NPA, said the extra money invoice, which was to be utilised in six months, was being spent on buying full face masks and single-use air pipes.

Sa/nh/mud

tisdag, maj 12, 2020

Balochistan: Pakistan’s Hidden Shame


By:Manish Rai   

Balochistan is Pakistan’s largest province in terms of area though it has a population of just around 12 million. If we put this in numbers Balochistan is approximately 44% of the country's total land mass and home to less than 5% of the country's population. It’s very thinly populated and terrain is mostly barren and consists of deserts and mountains. But definitely Balochistan is not a waste land it’s a goldmine for Pakistan with its vast mineral and natural resources. The province contains plentiful supplies of oil, coal, gas, gold, silver, uranium, and copper. It provides Islamabad direct access to the strategically significant Indian Ocean, with a thousand kilometres of coastline near the entrance to the Strait of Hormuz from where most important shipping lanes pass through. Despite having such a vast natural wealth much of the population of the province lives below the poverty line. With limited or no access to education, jobs, electricity, roads and clean water. Barely 41% of the population is literate (the national average is 57%), unemployment rate is around 30% and just 7% have access to running water. And while Balochistan provides one-third of Pakistan's natural gas supply only a handful of towns are hooked up to the supply grid. For example, gas reserves were discovered in Sui which lies in the district of Dera Bughti in 1952, but the locals are still using wood as fuel. Other social indicators such as infant mortality rate and life expectancy are also low compared to national average.

Let’s talk about Balochistan’s history and how it merged with Pakistan. Following the end of British rule and the partition of India in 1947. The Khanate of Kalat, most prominent princely state that existed from 1666-1955 in the centre of modern day Pakistani Balochistan, was promised autonomy and briefly gained independence from August 1947 to March 1948. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Pakistan’s founding father and the country’s first Governor-General, proposed a merger of Kalat with the newly created Islamic republic of Pakistan. But both houses of the Baloch parliament outrightly rejected the incorporation. Then Pakistan decided to use military means to occupy this rebellious territory. So, less than a year later, Jinnah ordered the invasion of Balochistan and annexed it. The Pakistani state deposed the traditional tribal leadership and the historic Khanate of Kalat ceased to exist in the year 1955. Since then Islamabad has fought number of insurgencies in the province. Pakistani deep state has always labelled these insurgencies as handiwork of foreign intelligence agencies. But the truth is that forceful occupation and looting of vast natural resources has fuelled the call of Baloch nationalism. As a common Baloch fails to understand that why he is forced to live in abject poverty. While other provinces of Pakistan are benefitting from the natural resources of his homeland.

Now Baloch nationalism has taken a full fledge shape of a freedom struggle. Moreover, targeted killings of Baloch leaders and tribal chiefs has acted as a stimulant for separatists’ movement. Especially in August 2006 killing of 79-year-old Baloch veteran leader Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti who was widely respected in Balochistan across all the tribes. As violence has escalated in the province because of the new wave of insurgency which aims only for freedom. Pakistan military establishment is trying to deal with it through a very heavy hand. Hence authorities have launched a new campaign of forced disappearance a decade ago in which anyone who is even remotely connected to Baloch nationalist movement is targeted. This has resulted in the disappearance of a large number of separatist activists, students, suspected militants, protest leaders, and intellectuals. Amnesty International has described this campaign as a “Kill and Dump” policy. Pakistan’s notorious intelligence agency ISI, military intelligence, and the Frontier Corps (a federal paramilitary force) are running this campaign. They use the “Kill and Dump” policy as an instrument of state terror to break morale of Balochis. According to Voice of Baloch Missing Persons (VBMP) an association representing family members of missing Baloch people. Over 20,000 Baloch have disappeared in the last decade. Even women, children and the elderly are not spared. Even Baloch activists are targeted overseas best example is of Rashid Baloch. His deportation was requested by Pakistan to UAE. Pakistan claimed he is wanted in connection with charges of terrorism. UAE in June, 2019 handed over Rashid Baloch to Pakistan. But since then there are no whereabouts of Rashid no one in Pakistani establishment is able to explain that what happened to Rashid Baloch. Even his family don’t know that weather Rashid was produced in court of law, rotting in a torture cell or has been killed and dumped.

But despite of this terror campaign of mighty Pakistan army. This struggle seems to have spread deeper into Baloch society than ever before. Anti-Pakistani sentiments has gripped the entire province. Baloch school children refuse to sing the national anthem or fly its flag, women, traditionally confined to home have joined the struggle. Universities have become hotbeds of nationalist sentiment. International community and institutions like- United Nation can’t be mute spectators of this brutality in which whole race is being targeted by the state. Baloch groups are knocking the doors of UN for long recently they set up a pavilion outside the UN Office of Geneva adjacent to iconic broken chair named as Save the Baloch. But still their voices are not being heard. The global community has to understand that the Baloch struggle for independence differs significantly from other conflicts in the greater Middle East, which are defined by religious intolerance and sectarian divisions. The Baloch are certainly not religious extremists. In fact, they are some of the most secular people in the region. At the heart of their struggle is the demand for national self-determination, not the desire to impose a rule of one religious sect. Hence it becomes a moral duty of civilized world to lend their support to Baloch people.

(Author is a columnist for Middle-East and Af-Pak region and Editor of geo-political news agency ViewsAround can be reached at manishraiva@gmail.com)

ملي امنیت: د داعش ډلې سویلي اسیا څانګې مشر مو نیولی


د افغانستان د ملي امنیت اداره وايي، ځانګړو ځواکونو یې د سویلي آسیا لپاره د داعش ډلې مشر ضیاالحق چې په شېخ ابو عمر الخراساني مشهور دی، نیولی دی. د ملي امنیت خبرپاڼه کې راغلي چې ځانګړو ځواکونو او د پولیسو ځانګړې قطعې په ګډه دا عملیات ترسره کړي دي.

یادې ادارې د دې عملیاتو په اړه ډېر څه نه دي ویلي او دا هم تائيد شوې نه ده چې چېرې ترسره شوي، خو یوې معتبرې سرچینې ویلي، دا عملیات په مرکزي زون کې ترسره شوي دي.

د ملي امنیت خبرپاڼه زیاتوي، دا عملیات د هغو ۴ داعش وسلوالو د اعتراف پر بنسټ ترسره شوي چې د ملي امنیت له لوري پخوا نیول شوي وو.

په دې عملیاتو کې د سویلي اسیا لپاره د داعش ډلې د عامه اړیکو رییس او د استخباراتو مسؤل ابوعلي هم نیول شوی دی.

یوې امنیتې سرچینې بي بي سي ته ویلي، د داعش دا ټول نیول شوي غړي افغانان دي.د تېرې اپرېل میاشتې په پیل کې د افغانستان ملي امنيت اعلان وکړ چې د داعش ډلې د خراسان څانګې مشر عبدالله اورکزی چې په اسلم فاروقي مشهور دی، یې هم نيولی دی.

ملي امنيت هغه مهال ویلي وو چې عبدالله اورکزی له ۱۹ تنو ملګرو سره يو ځای د ځانګړو ځواکونو له خوا نيول شوی، خو د نيول کېدو د ځای په اړه يې جزئیات نه وو ورکړي.

د خبرپاڼې له مخې اسلم فاروقي د خيبرپښتونخوا د اورکزيو سيمې اوسېدونکی دی چې د دغه ډلې د خراسان برخې مشري يې پر غاړه لرله.

د اسلامي دولت نومې ډلې (داعش) د خراسان څانګې په کابل کې د وروستيو څو خونړيو بریدونو مسووليت منلی و.

د دغې ډلې وروستي بريد کې چې دوی يې پړه پر غاړه اخيستې وه يوه ځانمرګي بريدګر د سيکانو عبادت ځای کې چاودنه کړې وه او لږ ترلږه ۲۶ تنه یې په کې وژلي او ۸ نور ټپيان کړي وو.

يو غر ونړيد، جنتونه دې يې نصيب شي


يو غر ونړيد، جنتونه دې يې نصيب شي.
زموږ د سيمي ټوله بدمرغي په همدې کې ده چې سياسي ستونزې د خبرو د لارې نه حلوو، سياست مو همېشه له تاوتريخوالي سره يو ځای وي. د حیوان او انسان ستر توپیر په خبرو کولو کې دی، انسان ناطق حيوان دی، که موږ خپله ستونزه د خبرو له لارې حل نه کړو نو زموږ بیا د ناطق صفت له منځه ځي، ځکه بیا په موږ کې يوازې حيوانیت پاتې کيږي لکه چې اوس هم همدا پاتې دی.
او دا د پرمختللو او وروسته پاتې ټولنې يو مهم فرق دی، هغوی که هرڅومره سیاسي ستونزه ولري، هيڅکله يې خبره وژلو او ترور ته نه رسيږي. همدا تاوتريخوالی د دې سبب کيږي چې که یو لوری ډیر هم نرم او سوله غوښتونکی وي مجبورېږي په خپل لاره د سره فکر وکړي، جګړې ته مخه کړي او يا داسې لار غوره کړي چې بیا خبرو کولو ته په کې څه نه پاتې کېږي.
په دې هيله چې يوه ورځ د دې سيمي د وګړو او چارواکو انساني شعور دومره لوړ شي چې سياسي مخالفين پرته له کومه ډاره خپل نظر وويلی شي.

ډاکټر محمد فرید بزګر


fredag, maj 08, 2020

Taliban, the free Pakistani army in Afghanistan to meet US Afghan envoy in Qatar


Zalmay Khalilzad will press Taliban, India and Pakistan to support a reduction in violence amid surging Taliban attacks.

The US special envoy to Afghanistan is on a mission to press Taliban negotiators in Doha and officials in India and Pakistan to support a reduction in violence, acceleration of intra-Afghan peace talks and cooperation on handling the coronavirus pandemic, the US Department of State said on Wednesday.

Special Representative Zalmay Khalilzad's trip comes amid concerns that surging Taliban attacks and the coronavirus pandemic could deal potentially fatal blows to his stalled efforts to end decades of strife in Afghanistan.

At each stop, Khalilzad "will urge support for an immediate reduction in violence, accelerated timeline for the start of intra-Afghan negotiations, and cooperation among all sides in addressing the COVID-19 pandemic in Afghanistan," the State Department said.

The statement did not disclose the exact schedule of Khalilzad's trip, which began on Tuesday.

It is the second trip he has made since April 12 in the midst of the coronavirus pandemic to salvage a February 29 accord that he and the Taliban's second in command, Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, signed for a phased withdrawal of US troops from the US's longest war.

A successful initiative could help US President Donald Trump as he seeks re-election in November.

Khalilzad, the State Department said, would press Taliban officials "for full implementation" of the February 29 agreement.

In New Delhi, a key supporter of the Afghan government, Khalilzad will discuss India's role in sustaining peace, and he will hold talks on the peace process in Islamabad, according to the State Department.

Pakistan has provided sanctuary and other support to the Taliban for decades as part of a strategy to blunt the influence in Kabul of India, Islamabad's longtime foe, according to US officials. Pakistan denies backing the armed groups.

The US-Taliban deal called for the Taliban to release up to 1,000 government prisoners and Kabul to free up to 5,000 Taliban prisoners before peace talks that were to begin on March 10.

But a dispute over the pace and scale of the releases between the armed group and the government of Afghan President Ashraf Ghani, which was not a party to the deal, delayed the talks.

The negotiations also have been stalled by a feud between Ghani and his rival, Abdullah Abdullah, who both claimed victory in a disputed September election, and by escalating Taliban attacks.

The Taliban have mounted more than 4,500 attacks since signing the February 29 deal, according to data seen by Reuters. The provinces hardest hit are also the ones that have the most cases of COVID-19, the disease caused by the novel coronavirus.

The armed group blames Kabul and the US for the surge in violence.

SOURCE: REUTERS NEWS AGENCY

torsdag, maj 07, 2020

International Federation For Human Rights requests your urgent intervention in Arif Wazirs death



PAK 002 / 0420 / OBS 048
Killing / Attack
Judicial harassment /
Arbitrary detention
Pakistan
May 6, 2020

The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, a partnership of FIDH and the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT), requests your urgent intervention in the following situation in Pakistan.

Description of the situation:

The Observatory has been informed by reliable sources about the killing of Mr. Arif Wazir, a leader of the Pashtun Tahaffuz Movement (PTM) [1] in Pakistan, near the border with Afghanistan.

According to the information received, on May 1, 2020, Mr. Arif Wazir was attacked by unidentified armed men while he was travelling in a car near his house in Ghwakhwa village in Wanna, the largest city of South Waziristan District, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province. He was hit by three bullets and was subsequently transported to a local hospital before being transferred to Dera Ismail Khan, and then to Islamabad’s Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS). Mr. Arif Wazir died of his injuries at PIMS on May 2, 2020.

A First information report (FIR) was lodged against “unknown people” on May 1, 2020, by police in Wanna.

On April 17, 2020, Mr. Arif Wazir had been arrested by police in Wanna for alleged “anti-Pakistan speech” that he would have made during a visit to Afghanistan the previous month. During his speech in Afghanistan, Mr. Wazir spoke about the impact of war on the lives of Pashtuns in Pakistan and Afghanistan and the need for unity among Pashtuns. The Observatory notes that the accusation of "anti-Pakistan speech" is an expedient label used by Pakistani authorities to target human rights defenders, particularly those associated with the PTM.

On April 27, 2020, four days before he was fatally attacked, the Tank District Court, South Waziristan, had released Mr. Arif Wazir on bail.

The Observatory recalls that Mr. Arif Wazir Wazir, as a PTM leader, was detained six times and intermittently spent more than 13 months in detention. In the past years, PTM members have been regularly targeted by police, which have filed cases against them on charges of committing sedition through their speeches. In 2019, the Observatory reported the following attacks against PTM members and their relatives: the killing of Mr. Ibrahim Arman Loni [2], a PTM core committee member in Balochistan Province; the arbitrary detention of 18 PTM members, including Pashtun and women’s rights defender Ms. Gulalai Ismail; [3] the judicial harassment of Ms. Gulalai Ismail’s family members [4]; the arbitrary arrest and judicial harassment of Mr. Mohsin Dawar and Mr. Ali Wazir, both elected Members of the National Assembly and affiliated with the PTM; and the arbitrary arrest of Mr. Alamgir Wazir, a PTM supporter in Lahore. In January 2020, the leader of PTM, Mr. Manzoor Pashteen was arrested along with 23 other human rights defenders, including PTM members and supporters who were protesting against his arrest, before being released on February 15, 2020. [5]

The Observatory firmly condemns the killing of Mr. Arif Wazir and calls on the Pakistani authorities to immediately carry out a transparent, impartial, and thorough investigation into his killing in order to identify all those responsible, bring them before an independent tribunal, and punish them as provided by the law.

Actions requested:

Please write to the authorities in Pakistan, urging them to:
 
i. Carry out a transparent, impartial, immediate and thorough investigation into the killing of Mr. Arif Wazir in order to identify all those responsible, bring them before an independent tribunal, and punish them as provided by the law;

ii. Guarantee, in all circumstances, the physical integrity and psychological well-being of all human rights defenders in Pakistan;

iii. Put an end to all acts of harassment, including at the judicial level, against all the human rights defenders in Pakistan, and ensure that they are able to carry out their legitimate activities without any hindrance and fear of reprisals in all circumstances;
 
iv. Conform to the provisions of the UN Declaration on Human Rights Defenders, adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on December 9, 1998, in particular with Articles 1 and 12.2;
 
v. Ensure in all circumstances respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with international human rights standards and international instruments ratified by Pakistan.

Addresses:

• Mr. Arif Alvi, President of Pakistan; Fax: +92 51 920 8479; Email: secretary@president.gov.pk
• Mr. Imran Khan, Prime Minister of Pakistan, Minister in Charge for Interior and Narcotics Control; Fax: +92 51 922 04 04; Email: info@pmo.gov.pk
• Mr. Ijaz Shah, Minister of State for Interior, Fax: +92 51 920 2624, Email: interior.complaintcell@gmail.com
• Ambassador Farukh Amil, Permanent Representative to the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland; Fax:022 734 80 85; Email: mission.pakistan@ties.itu.int

Please also write to the diplomatic mission or embassy of Pakistan located in your country.

***
Paris-Geneva, May 6, 2020

Kindly inform us of any action undertaken quoting the code of this appeal in your reply.

The Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders (the Observatory) was created in 1997 by FIDH and the World Organisation Against Torture (OMCT). The objective of this programme is to prevent or remedy situations of repression against human rights defenders. FIDH and OMCT are both members of ProtectDefenders.eu, the European Union Human Rights Defenders Mechanism implemented by international civil society.

To contact the Observatory, call the emergency line:
• E-mail: Appeals@fidh-omct.org
• Tel and fax FIDH: + 33 (0) 1 43 55 25 18 / +33 1 43 55 18 80
• Tel and fax OMCT + 41 22 809 49 39 / + 41 22 809 49 29

[1] PTM is an alliance that calls for the de-mining of the former Federally Administered Tribal Areas, greater freedom of movement in these areas, an end to extrajudicial killings, enforced disappearances and arbitrary detentions, and for the accountability of perpetrators of such acts within a truth and reconciliation framework.
[2] See Observatory Urgent Appeal PAK001 / 0219 / OBS 015, published on February 14, 2019.
[3] Idem.
[4] See Observatory Urgent Appeal PAK 002 / 0719 / OBS 062, published on July 16, 2019, and PAK 002 / 0719 / OBS 62.2, published on October 25, 2019.
[5] See Observatory Urgent Appeal PAK 001 / 0120 / OBS 006, published on January 31, 2020.

tisdag, maj 05, 2020

Afghanistan Investigating Claims Migrants Were Killed by Iranian Guards

Viewer discretion is advised

About 50 Afghan migrants crossing into Iran illegally were beaten and thrown into a river, local news media, and witnesses say. As many as half did not survive, they said.

KABUL, Afghanistan — The foreign ministry of Afghanistan on Saturday said it was investigating claims that dozens of Afghan migrants detained in Iran were tortured by that country’s border guards and thrown into a river, where many of them drowned.

Afghan news media reported that about 50 migrants being illegally smuggled into Iran — a frequent destination for Afghans escaping the war to seek work — were caught by Iranian border guards, beaten and thrown into a river that flows between the two countries.

Those reports included grainy cellphone footage showing a half-dozen corpses. Details were conflicting, but several reports suggested that as many as half the men had drowned or were unaccounted for.

“They kept hitting us with pipes and saying, ‘Don’t come back to our country,’ and kept pushing us into the river,” one of the survivors, Abdul Wahed, 20, said in a phone interview.

Mohammed Hanif Atmar, Afghanistan’s acting foreign minister, has assigned a delegation to look into the reports, the foreign ministry’s statement said.

Iranian diplomats in Afghanistan rejected the claims based on the initial information, but promised to investigate further, Iran’s Fars news agency reported.

Afghanistan shares more than 500 miles of border with Iran. About three million Afghans — a mix of refugees and illegal migrants — live in Iran, a large number of them having arrived after their country plunged into conflict in the 1980s.

Young Afghans constantly flow across the border to seek work, many of them smuggled through dangerous deserts, often traveling for a week at a time packed into the back of pick-up trucks.

In recent months, as the coronavirus gutted Iran’s economy, the flow was reversed. Between January and April, about 240,000 Afghans had returned from Iran.

But Iran has started slowly reopening its economy, and Afghanistan remains in deep poverty. An estimated 80 percent of the Afghan population lives on $1.25 a day, a flimsy margin above the poverty line of $1. So the migration to Iran has started anew.

Mr. Wahed, the survivor, said a group of 50 young men — including eight from his home district of Rabat e Sangi in the western Afghan province of Herat — were set upon by Iranian guards after entering Iran late last week. They were detained and beaten repeatedly by the guards, some of whom said, “We have no sleep because of you.”

“They put us face down and stomped on us and kicked us and kept asking, ‘Why are you coming to our country?’” Mr. Wahed said. “And we kept saying, ‘We are only coming to your country because of our own misery.’”

The men were packed into a bus and brought to the banks of the Harirod river late on Friday afternoon, Mr. Wahed said when they were forced into the water. He said he saw only 12 men come out alive, and he helped retrieve the bodies of seven others, including those of five people who had traveled with him from his district.

“The water brought me downstream, where I clung to a tree and then Baluch swimmers came to my rescue,” Mr. Wahed said, referring to a local ethnic group. “I think 30 are still missing — I don’t know where they are, probably they died.”

Mujib Mashal reported from Kabul, and Asadullah Timory from Herat, Afghanistan.

Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2020/05/02/world/asia/afghanistan-iran-migrants-drown.html


 

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