måndag, januari 27, 2020

د پېښور پوليسو منظور پښتين ګرفتار کړ


پېښور - د خيبر پښتونخوا پوليسو د پښتون ژغورنې غورځنګ (پي ټي اېم) مشر منظور پښتين نيولی دی.
د پېښور تهکال تاڼې يوه چارواکي نبي ګل مشال راډیو ته وويل چې منظور پښتين يې د جنورۍ پر ۲۷مه سهار وختي په شاهين ټاون کې نیولی.

نوموړي زياته کړه، په ډېره اسماعيل خان کې د پي ټي اېم د مشر ضد مقدمه درج وه نو د هغوی په غوښتنه يې نيولی دی خو هغه دا تفصيل ورنکړ چې پر منظور پښتين باندې کوم تورونه دي.

د پاکستان په قامي اسمبلۍ کې د شمالي وزيرستان استازي او د پښتون ژغورنې غورځنګ یو مخکښ محسن داوړ د جنورۍ پر ۲۷ مه مشال راډیو ته د منظور پښتنی د نیولو تصدیق وکړ خو ویې ویل چې چارواکو لا ورته د هغو د نیولو په اړه معلومات نه دي ورکړي.

هغه زياته کړه چې په یوه غونډه کې به د غورځنګ راتلونکې تګلارې په اړه پرېکړه کوي.

منظور پښتين د پښتون ژغورنې غورځنګ د مشر په توګه د پاکستان د لاهور او کراچۍ په ګډون د خيبرپښتونخوا او بلوچستان په يو شمېر ښارونو کې ولسي غونډو ته ويناوې کړې چې پکې یې د ترهګرۍ ضد جګړې په لړ کې د پاکستان پوځ پر تګلاره نيوکې کړې دي.

غورځنګ ادعا کوي چې په ترهګرۍ ضد جګړه کې د پښتنو ځاني او مالي تاوانونه شوي، زرګونه پښتانه ورک دي، په قبايلي ضلعو کې ځمکلاندې بمونه ايښوول شوي او پر پوستو له خلکو سره د امنيتي ادارو برخورد سم نه دی.

خو پوځ وايي، ځينې ورک کسان خلاص شوي، د ماينونو پاکولو کار روان دی، څه پوستې یې کمې کړي او پر پاتې هغو خلک نه ځوروي.

د ويناوو پر مهال پر پوځ او جاسوسي ادارو تر نيوکو وروسته پر منظور پښتين باندې مقدمې درج شوې وې.

د بلوچستان حکومت پر هغه صوبې ته پر ورتګ هم بندېز لګولی وو.

پښتون ژغورنې غورځنګ دريځ لري چې ټولې غوښتنې یې د پاکستان د ايين په چوکاټ کې دي او پر تشدد باور نه لري بلکې له سوله یيزې لارې خپلې غوښتنې منل غواړي.

https://www.mashaalradio.com/a/30398829.html?nocache=1

Prominent Pakistani rights activist Manzoor Pashteen arrested


Manzoor Pashteen, leader of the Pashtun Tahaffuz Movement, was taken into custody in the northwestern city of Peshawar.


Islamabad, Pakistan - Pakistani police say they have arrested prominent rights activist Manzoor Pashteen, the leader of the Pashtun Tahaffuz Movement (PTM), which is known for its strident criticism of the country's powerful military for alleged enforced disappearances and extrajudicial killings.

Pashteen was arrested late on Sunday from the Shaheen Town area of the northwestern city of Peshawar, police official Nabibul Khan told Al Jazeera.

"He was required in a case by the police from Dera Ismail Khan city police station, so we [arrested him," said Khan. Police did not immediately provide further details on what charges the rights activist was arrested on.

Mohsin Dawar, a PTM leader and member of parliament, confirmed the arrest to Al Jazeera.

"This is our punishment for demanding our rights in a peaceful [and] democratic manner," Dawar said in a Twitter post on Monday. "But Manzoor's arrest will only strengthen our resolve."

Pashteen, in his 20s, and a small group of other young activists who had been displaced by the Pakistani military's war against the Taliban in their native South Waziristan, founded the Pashtun Tahaffuz Movement in Dera Ismail Khan, located about 250km south of Peshawar.

They shot to national prominence in 2017, when the group championed the cause of Naqeebullah Mehsud, the victim of an extrajudicial killing by a notorious Pakistani counterterrorism police officer.

Since then, Pashteen has led rallies of thousands across the country, demanding justice for other victims of enforced disappearances, extrajudicial killings, and alleged torture while in security forces' custody.

His group has also demanded that the Pakistani military clear the country's northwestern tribal districts - the site of the war against the Pakistani Taliban since 2007 - of all land mines and other unexploded ordnance.

'Funded by foreign intelligence services'
The group has long been in the crosshairs of Pakistan's military, which has directly ruled the country for roughly half of its 73-year history and still holds control over security and foreign policy.

Coverage of PTM rallies and Pashteen's statements is regularly censored across Pakistani news media.

In April, the military warned the PTM that it's "time is up", accusing the group of being funded by foreign intelligence services. PTM denies the charges, and has invited the military to make its evidence of any such funding public.

A month later, a PTM rally clashed with security forces at a checkpost in the northwestern district of North Waziristan. Soldiers fired into the crowd, killing at least three people, rights activists say.

Police registered a terrorism case against Dawar, the member of parliament, who was leading the rally and spent days in hiding following the violence.

He was eventually arrested, alongside fellow PTM leader and member of parliament Ali Wazir, and held for three months before being released on bail for lack of evidence against them.

Asad Hashim is Al Jazeera's digital correspondent in Pakistan. He tweets @AsadHashim.

SOURCE: AL JAZEERA NEWS

söndag, januari 26, 2020

دپښتو فلمونو تاریخچه



په پښتونخوا کې دپښتو فلمونو تاریخچه له نن نه اتیا کلونووړاندې مودې ته رسیږي یعنې ۱۹۳۹ زیږدیز کال ته او لومړنی پښتو فلم لیلا او مجنون نومیده چې په هماغه کال کې جوړ شو او بیا په ۱۹۴۲ زیږدیزکال کې په پيښور، کویټې او کلکتې کې دسینماګانو پر پردو وښودل شو.ددغه فلم لارښود(ډایرکټر) امیر حمزه شینواری ( حمزه بابا) واو دفلم کمپوزر عبد الکریم و. د لیلا او مجنون پښتو فلم تر جوړیدو نه ډیر وروسته یعنې په ۱۹۶۰ زیږدیز کال کې دویم پښتو فلم ( نوې پلوشه ) جوړشو. داپه اصل کې دیوه اردو فلم ( نیا کرن) ژباړه وه .ددغه فلم ډیالوګ دامیر حمزه شینواري له خوا لیکل شوي و.دغه فلم دپیښور په نا ولټي سینما کې وښودل شو. دریم پښتو فلم چې جوړشوهغه ( تیږه ) نومید،دغه فلم په ۱۹۶۳ زیږدیز کال کې دامیر حمزه شینواري له خوا جوړ شو.ددغه فلم ستوری عمر دراز و او دفلم کیمره مین لودیل و.بیاو ورپسې په ۱۹۶۸ زیږدیز کال کې دیکه یو سف خان فلم جوړشو.دغه فلم ستورې (هیروئین)غزاله وه او دفلم ستوری(هیرو) یې رب نوازو. ددغه فلم دپرانیستلو مراسم داردو فلمونو دستورې رنګیلا له خوا ترسره شول. یکه یو سف خان په ۱۹۷۰ زیږدیز کال کې ښودنې ته وړاندې شو. دپښتو بل فلم یوسف خان او شیربانو نومید چې په ۱۹۶۹ زیږدیز کال کې جوړشو او په ۱۹۷۰ کالکې ریلیز او نندارې ته وړاندې شو. ددغه فلم کیسه دعلی حیدر جوشي له خوا لیکل شوې وه او ددغه فلم لارښود( ډایرکټر) عزیزشمیم و.ددغه فلم ستوری ( هیرو) بدرمنیر او دفلم ستورې ( هیروئین)یې یاسمین خان وه،ددغه فلم بدماش نعمت سرحدي نومید.سندرغاړی په پښتو ژبه کې دیو بل فلم نوم وچې دغه فلم په ۱۹۷۰ زیږدیز کال کې نندارې ته وړاندې شو. کله خزان کله بهار دیوبل بښتو فلم نوم و چې ددغه فلمډایرکټر جمیل احمد او پروډیوسر بې سید امیر سرحدي و چې دغه فلم په ۱۹۷۰ زیږدیز کال کې نندارې ته وړاندې شو.
علاقه غیر یا هغه سیمه چې قانون پکې نه چلیږي دیوبل پښتو فلم نوم وچې په ۱۹۷۱۱ زیږدیز کال کې جوړشوچې بروډیوسر یې حبیب الله او ډیالوګ او شاعري یې دامیر حمزه شینواري وه. ددره خیبر او آدم خان او درخانۍ فلمونه دشکیل ایوب له خوا پروډیوس شوی وو او ډایرکټر یې عزیز تبسم و.دپښتو بل مشهور فلم ګل مکۍ او موسی خان و چې دفلم ستوری یې آصف خان او ستوری یې یاسمین خان وو.
همداراز د۱۹۷۰ او ۱۹۸۵۵ کلونو ترمینځ نورډیر بې شمیره پښتو فلمونه جوړشول چې په هغو کې بهادرخان ، عجب خان ابریدی، زما بدن، مغرور، اوربل ، ټوپک زما قانون، دهقان ، باغي ،ارمان ،میرنی ورور، تربور ، اقرار، انګار، زخمونه، ناوې او نکریزې، ناوې دیوې شپې، اجرتي قاتل، توپاني شپه ، بنګړي او هتکړۍ،آب حیات ، ښکلې ناوې او نور چې او س دغو ټولو پښتو فلمونو شمیر تر ننه پورې (۷۵۷) فلمونو ته رسیږي .

Text and source: Latif Yad

onsdag, januari 15, 2020

Iran's New Quds Force Leader Has A Long History With Afghanistan


It was in the late 1980s when Ismail Qaani -- then a local commander in Iran’s powerful Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps (IRGC) -- first became active in Afghanistan.

It was to be the start of Qaani's decades-long involvement in Iran’s eastern neighbor, where Tehran has carved up influence by arming and offering political and economic backing mostly to the Shi'ite and Persian-speaking communities.

Qaani on January 3 became the chief of Iran’s elite Quds Force, the overseas operations arm of the IRGC, established following the 1979 Islamic Revolution to defend the country's theocratic system.

The 63-year-old general succeeded Major General Qasem Soleimani, who was killed in a U.S. drone strike in the Iraqi capital, Baghdad, early on January 3. He had long served as Soleimani's deputy.

Mysterious Visit

Soon after Qaani's appointment, photos of the media-shy general appeared in the Afghan media from a mysterious trip he took to Afghanistan in 2018.

Qaani was in several photos alongside Mohammad Tahir Zuhair, the governor of Bamiyan Province, a predominately Hazara area in central Afghanistan.

Zuhair told RFE/RL’s Radio Free Afghanistan on January 9 that Qaani introduced himself as Iran’s deputy ambassador to the country and said his name was “Ismaili.” He says he didn't know that Qaani was the deputy chief of the Quds Force.

"We were informed by Kabul that an Iranian delegation was coming to Bamiyan to visit a hospital that was being built with Iranian funds,” said Zubair. “They went straight from the airport to the hospital. They were at the hospital for around 45 minutes. Then they came to my office. I held talks with them for around 10 minutes. They assured us that the construction of the hospital would be completed.”

Afghanistan’s acting foreign minister, Idrees Zaman, said on January 7 that Kabul was investigating the "exact nature" of Qaani's visit.

"At this point, I can assure you that he was never the deputy ambassador in Afghanistan,” said Zaman.

Qaani also visited Kabul in the same year.

He was among an Iranian delegation that held talks with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and Chief Executive Officer Abdullah Abdullah, local media reported.

History Of Violence

Qaani's recent trips to Afghanistan are just the latest examples of his activities in the war-torn country.

Born in the northeastern Iranian city of Mashhad -- less than 200 kilometers from Afghanistan -- Qaani joined the IRGC in 1980.

After the 1980-88 Iran-Iraq War, Soleimani spearheaded Tehran’s operations in the west, spreading Tehran’s influence in the Middle East. Qaani, meanwhile, led Iranian activities in the east: Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Central Asia. He was also stationed in Iran's Khorasan Province, which shares a border with Afghanistan and Turkmenistan.


In the 1990s, Afghanistan was consumed by a vicious civil war among the warring mujahedin factions that had toppled the communist regime in Kabul just three years after the end of the Soviet Union’s decade-long occupation. The civil war ended when the Taliban seized power of the capital in 1996.

“In the 1990s, as a local IRGC commander, Qaani got involved in Iran’s war against Afghan drug cartels and later in the war in Afghanistan,” said Ali Alfoneh, a senior fellow at The Arab Gulf States Institute in Washington.

Tehran provided support to the Northern Alliance, a loose coalition of mujahedin militias that maintained control of a small section of northern Afghanistan as it battled the Taliban. The military front was led by Ahmad Shah Masud, the famed anti-Soviet commander.

Afghanistan’s Tolo News published a photo of what it said was Qaani and Masud in Tajikistan in 1999.

Alfoneh, an IRGC expert, said Qaani was involved in providing logistical, financial, and military support to the Northern Alliance. Tehran was one of the main backers of the alliance alongside India, Russia, and the United States.

He added that Qaani frequently visited Tajikistan -- Afghanistan’s northern neighbor -- where the Northern Alliance sent its fighters for treatment and received weapon shipments from allies abroad.

“Qaani appears to have traveled into Afghanistan to establish a presence,” said Alfoneh. “That is particularly true after the Taliban seizure of Kabul.”

It was around this time that Soleimani made Qaani his deputy.

Shi’ite-majority Iran backed the alliance because it was concerned about the growing strength of the Taliban, a fundamentalist Sunni group that was backed by Tehran’s regional rivals -- Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Pakistan.

Iran and the Taliban were on the verge of war in 1998 after eight Iranian diplomats and an employee of Iran's state-run IRNA news agency were killed at the Iranian Consulate when Mazar-e Sharif was overrun by Taliban fighters. The Taliban denied any involvement in their deaths. Outraged by the deaths, Tehran deployed tens of thousands of troops along the border with Afghanistan -- but stopped short of invading the country.

The Northern Alliance toppled the Taliban regime after the U.S. invasion in 2001.

Afghan Proxy

When the Syrian civil war erupted in 2011, the IRGC sent military advisers and deployed thousands of trained Shi’ite fighters to prop up the regime of President Bashar al-Assad. Among them was the Fatemiyoun Brigade, comprising mainly Afghans from the Shi'ite Hazara minority.

The Fatemiyoun Brigade included veterans of the Abuzar Brigade, an Afghan militia made up of Shi’a that fought on Iran’s side in the war against Iraq.

“Qaani may have been personally involved in its reorganization,” said Alfoneh, although he added that it was midlevel Quds Force commanders who deployed the Fatemiyoun in Syria and not Qaani himself.

Qaani is also reported to have visited Afghanistan on several occasions at the height of the Syrian conflict.

Source: https://www.rferl.org/a/iran-s-new-quds-force-leader-has-a-long-history-with-afghanistan/30379354.html

tisdag, januari 14, 2020

PTM Holds Rally in Pakistan, Calls for Pashtun Unity



The Pashtun Tahaffuz Movement has formed a jirga—a local council—to strengthen unity among Pashtun leaders. The Pashtun Tahaffuz Movement (PTM) held a public gathering in the city of Bannu in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa on Sunday, calling for unity among Pashtun leaders, Pakistani news agencies reported.

Pakistan’s Dawn.com reported that PTM leader Manzoor Pashteen and other leaders of the movement, Ali Wazir and Mohsin Dawar, addressed the crowd.

PTM is a Pashtun-rights group that has called for the de-mining of the former tribal areas and greater freedom of movement. It has called for an end to “extrajudicial killings, enforced disappearances and unlawful detentions,” according to a Dawn report.

According to PTM members, almost 30,000 people from the two provinces – Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Baluchistan – have gone missing over the past 10 years. Pakistan’s army and ISI--the Pakistani intelligence agency--appear to be behind the disappearances, according to the PTM.

However, the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan has said that the number of missing individuals is 1,532.

In Sunday’s rally, Dawn reports, the movement’s leadership announced the formation of a jirga to convince Pashtun leaders to join the PTM to strengthen its cause and jointly fight for Pashtuns’ rights.

“We want the unity of Pashtuns,” said Manzoor Pashteen, while addressing the gathering, as quoted by Dawn.

“Pashtuns have suffered for long and are still suffering,” he said, asking that Pashtun political leaders unite. Pashteen added that they were not opposing any political party or Pashtun leader.

“We want peace and justice, but unfortunately, new waves of targeted killings have been seen in (the) former tribal belt and justice is not being served,” Pashteen said.

Pashteen said that PTM is a civil movement, not a political party, and will continue to struggle for the rights of Pakhtuns.

“I assure you, PTM will always stand by you in any difficult time," Pashteen told the gathering.

The report says that the gathering was also addressed by Arman Loni's sister. Loni was a prominent PTM leader who died allegedly during a police crackdown during a sit-in in Balochistan's Loralai on February 2, 2019.

PTM will hold a public gathering in Baluchistan in February on the anniversary of Loni's death.

onsdag, januari 08, 2020

President Trump Says 'All Is Well' After Iran Fires Missiles at Iraq Bases

(TEHRAN, Iran) — Iran struck back at the United States for the killing of a top Iranian general early Wednesday, firing a series of ballistic missiles at two Iraqi bases housing U.S. troops in a major escalation that brought the two longtime foes closer to war.

Iranian state TV said it was in revenge for the U.S. killing of Revolutionary Guard Gen. Qasem Soleimani, whose death last week in an American drone strike near Baghdad prompted angry calls to avenge his slaying. A U.S. official said there were no immediate reports of American casualties, though buildings were still being searched.

‘All is well!’ President Donald Trump tweeted shortly after the missile attacks, adding, ‘So far, so good’ regarding casualties.


Soleimani’s killing and the strikes by Iran came as tensions have been rising steadily across the Mideast after President Donald Trump’s decision to unilaterally withdraw America from Tehran’s nuclear deal with world powers. They also marked the first time in recent years that Washington and Tehran have attacked each other directly rather than through proxies in the region. It raised the chances of open conflict erupting between the two enemies, which have been at odds since Iran’s 1979 Islamic Revolution.

But in a tweet shortly after the missile launches, Iran’s foreign minister called a ballistic missile attack a “proportionate measures in self-defense” and said it was not seeking to escalate the situation but would defend itself against any aggression.

Iran initially announced only one strike, but U.S. officials confirmed both. U.S. defense officials were at the White House, likely to discuss options with Trump, who launched the strike on Soleimani while facing an upcoming impeachment trial in the Senate,

Iran’s Revolutionary Guard warned the U.S. and its regional allies against retaliating over the missile attack against the Ain al-Asad air base in Iraq’s western Anbar province. The Guard issued the warning via a statement carried by Iran’s state-run IRNA news agency.

“We are warning all American allies, who gave their bases to its terrorist army, that any territory that is the starting point of aggressive acts against Iran will be targeted,” The Guard said. It also threatened Israel.

After the strikes, a former Iranian nuclear negotiator posted a picture of the Islamic Republic’s flag on Twitter, appearing to mimic Trump who posted an American flag following the killing of Soleimani and others Friday in a drone strike in Baghdad.

Ain al-Asad air base was first used by American forces after the 2003 U.S.-led invasion that toppled dictator Saddam Hussein, and later saw American troops stationed there amid the fight against the Islamic State group in Iraq and Syria. It houses about 1,500 U.S. and coalition forces.

Two Iraqi security officials said at least one of the missiles appeared to have struck a plane at the base, igniting a fire. It was not immediately clear whether it was an Iraqi or U.S. jet. There were no immediate reports of casualties from the attacks, according to the officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity as they had no permission to brief journalists.

About 70 Norwegian troops also were on the air base but no injuries were reported, Brynjar Stordal, a spokesperson for the Norwegian Armed Forces told The Associated Press.

Trump visited the sprawling Ain al-Asad air base, about 100 miles or 60 kilometers west of Baghdad, in December 2018, making his first presidential visit to troops in the region. He did not meet with any Iraqi officials at the time, and his visit inflamed sensitivities about the continued presence of U.S. forces in Iraq. Vice President Mike Pence also has visited the base.

Iranian state TV said the Guard’s aerospace division that controls Iran’s missile program launched the attack, which it said was part of an operation dubbed “Martyr Soleimani.” Iran said it would release more information later.

The U.S. also acknowledged another missile attack on a base in Irbil in Iraq’s semiautonomous Kurdish region.

“As we evaluate the situation and our response, we will take all necessary measures to protect and defend U.S. personnel, partners and allies in the region,” said Jonathan Hoffman, an assistant to the U.S. defense secretary.

Wednesday’s revenge attack happened a mere few hours after crowds in Iran mourned Soleimani at his funeral. It also came the U.S. continued to reinforce its own positions in the region and warned of an unspecified threat to shipping from Iran in the region’s waterways, crucial routes for global energy supplies. U.S. embassies and consulates from Asia to Africa and Europe issued security alerts for Americans. The FAA also warned of a “potential for miscalculation or mis-identification” for civilian aircraft in the Persian Gulf amid in an emergency flight restriction.

A stampede broke out Tuesday at Soleimani’s funeral, and at least 56 people were killed and more than 200 were injured as thousands thronged the procession, Iranian news reports said. Shortly after Iran’s revenge missile launches early Wednesday, Soleimani’s shroud-wrapped remains were lowered into the ground as mourners wailed at the grave site.

Tuesday’s deadly stampede took place in Soleimani’s hometown of Kerman as his coffin was being borne through the city in southeastern Iran, said Pirhossein Koulivand, head of Iran’s emergency medical services.

There was no information about what set off the crush in the packed streets, and online videos showed only its aftermath: people lying apparently lifeless, their faces covered by clothing, emergency crews performing CPR on the fallen, and onlookers wailing and crying out to God.

“Unfortunately as a result of the stampede, some of our compatriots have been injured and some have been killed during the funeral processions,” Koulivand said, and state TV quoted him as saying that 56 had died and 213 had been injured.

Soleimani’s burial was delayed, with no new time given, because of concerns about the huge crowd at the cemetery, the semi-official ISNA news agency said.

A procession in Tehran on Monday drew over 1 million people in the Iranian capital, crowding both main avenues and side streets in Tehran. Such mass crowds can prove dangerous. A smaller stampede at the 1989 funeral for Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini killed at least eight people and injured hundreds.

Hossein Salami, Soleimani’s successor as leader of the Revolutionary Guard, addressed a crowd of supporters gathered at the coffin in a central square in Kernan. He vowed to avenge Soleimani, who was killed in a U.S. drone strike Friday near Baghdad’s airport.

“We tell our enemies that we will retaliate but if they take another action we will set ablaze the places that they like and are passionate about,” Salami said.

“Death to Israel!” the crowd shouted in response, referring to one of Iran’s longtime regional foes.

Salami praised Soleimani’s work, describing him as essential to backing Palestinian groups, Yemen’s Houthi rebels and Shiite militias in Iraq and Syria. As a martyr, Soleimani represented an even greater threat to Iran’s enemies, Salami said.

Soleimani will ultimately be laid to rest between the graves of Enayatollah Talebizadeh and Mohammad Hossein Yousef Elahi, two former Guard comrades killed in Iran’s 1980s war with Iraq. They died in Operation Dawn 8, in which Soleimani also took part. It was a 1986 amphibious assault that cut Iraq off from the Persian Gulf and led to the end of the war that killed 1 million.

The funeral processions in major cities over three days have been an unprecedented honor for Soleimani, seen by Iranians as a national hero for his work leading the Guard’s expeditionary Quds Force.

The U.S. blames him for killing U.S. troops in Iraq and accused him of plotting new attacks just before he was killed. Soleimani also led forces supporting Syrian President Bashar Assad in that country’s civil war, and he also served as the point man for Iranian proxies in countries like Iraq, Lebanon and Yemen. Russian President Vladimir Putin met with Assad in Syria on Tuesday amid the tensions between Washington and Tehran.

Soleimani’s slaying already has led Tehran to abandon the remaining limits of its 2015 nuclear deal with world powers as his successor and others vow to take revenge.

In Iraq, pro-Iranian factions in parliament have pushed to oust American troops from Iraqi soil following Soleimani’s killing. Germany and Canada announced plans to move some of their soldiers in Iraq to neighboring countries.

The FAA warning barred U.S. pilots and carriers from flying over areas of Iraqi, Iranian and some Persian Gulf airspace. The region is a major East-West travel hub and home to Emirates airline and Dubai International Airport, the world’s busiest for international travel. It earlier issued warnings after Iran shot down a U.S. military surveillance drone last year that saw airlines plan new routes to avoid the Strait of Hormuz.

The U.S. Maritime Administration warned ships across the Mideast, citing the rising threats. “The Iranian response to this action, if any, is unknown, but there remains the possibility of Iranian action against U.S. maritime interests in the region,” it said.

Oil tankers were targeted in mine attacks last year that the U.S. blamed on Iran. Tehran denied responsibility, although it did seize oil tankers around the crucial Strait of Hormuz, the narrow mouth of the Persian Gulf through which 20% of the world’s crude oil travels.

The U.S. Navy’s Bahrain-based 5th Fleet said it would work with shippers in the region to minimize any possible threat.

The 5th Fleet “has and will continue to provide advice to merchant shipping as appropriate regarding recommended security precautions in light of the heightened tensions and threats in the region,” 5th Fleet spokesman Cmdr. Joshua Frey told The Associated Press.

Iran’s parliament, meanwhile, has passed an urgent bill declaring the U.S. military’s command at the Pentagon and those acting on its behalf in Soleimani’s killing as “terrorists,” subject to Iranian sanctions. The measure appears to be in response to a decision by Trump in April to declare the Revolutionary Guard a “terrorist organization.”

The U.S. Defense Department used that terror designation to support the strike that killed Soleimani.

___

Gambrell reported from Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Associated Press writers Matthew Lee, Lolita C. Baldor and Zeke Miller in Washington, Qassim Abdul-Zahra in Baghdad and Zeina Karam in Beirut contributed.

Source: TIME

tisdag, januari 07, 2020

افغان حکومت بامیانو ته د جنرال قااني د سفر په اړه پلټنې کوي

د افغانستان بهرنیو چارو وزات وايي، په ۲۰۱۸ کال کې د افغانستان بامیان ولایت ته د ایران د انقلابي ګارد ځواک بهرنۍ څانګې یا قدس ډلې د نوي مشر جنرال اسماعیل قااني د سفر په اړه معلومات راټولوي.
له دې وړاندې په ټولنیزو شبکو کې داسې تصویرونه او ادعاوې خپرې شوې وې چې ګواکې ښاغلی قاآني په مستعار نامه یو کال مخکې د ایران د سفیر د مرستیال په توګه بامیانو ته تللی و او هلته يې له والي سره کتلي وو.
د بامیانو والي وايي، هغه مهال د ښاغلي اسماعیلي په نامه کس د ایران له سفارته هغه ولایت ته ورغلی و.
اوس د افغانستان د بهرنیو چارو وزارت وايي، ښاغلي قاآني هېڅ وخت د ديپلومات په توګه په افغانستان کې کار نه دی کړی.
د افغانستان د بهرنیو چارو وزارت سرپرست ادریس زمان نن په کابل کې یوې خبري غونډې ته وویل چې ښاغلي قاآني هېڅکله په افغانستان کې د ایران د سفیر د مرستیال په توګه کار نه دی کړی. نوموړي زیاته کړه:
''موږ دا موضوع څېړو چې دا سفر څه وخت او په څه ډول شوی او موخه یې څه وه. په دې غور روان دی. اوس دومره درته ویلی او تاییدولای شم چې ښاغلی قاآني هېڅکله د ایران د سفیر مرستیال نه و''
له دې وړاندې په ټولنیزو رسنیو کې له یوه ايراني پلاوي سره د باميانو د والي تصویرونه خپاره شوي وو او ادعا شوې وه چې اسماعیل قاآني د دغه پلاوي مشري کوله.
د بامیانو والي طاهر زهیر بي بي سي ته دغه کس اسماعیلي او په کابل کې د ایران د سفارت مرستیال وباله او ویې ویل دغه پلاوی د یوه روغتون د ودانیزو چارو د کتلو په موخه هغه ولايت ته ورغلی و.
ښاغلی زهیر وايي:
''د اسماعیلي په نامه یو کس په افغانستان کې د ایران د سفیر د مرستیال په توګه تېر کال د سرطان په شلمه بامیانو ته راغلی و او له مرکزه یې وویل چې دا سړی د ایرانیانو هغه روغتون ګوري چې کار پرې روان دی. دوی په الوتکه کې هوايي ډګر ته او نېغ روغتون ته راغلل. شاوخوا ۴۵ دقیقې يې د روغتون د کار بهیر وکوت او له هغه ځایه د والي دفتر ته راغلل او لس دقیقې يې له ما سره وکتل.''
د بامیان والي په دې اړه له نظر ورکولو ډډه وکړه چې هغه ولايت ته د دغه کس د ورتګ همغږي له مرکز څخه کومې ادارې کړې وه.
۶۲ کلن اسماعیل قاآني د ایران د انقلاب د ساتندویه ځواک یا سپاه پاسداران لوړپوړی غړی دی چې د قدس ځواک د قوماندان په اړه تر ټاکل کېدو وړاندې په افغانستان کې پېژندل شوې څېره نه وه.
د قوماندان قاآني په اړه ډېر معلومات نه شته. هغه تر تېرې لسیزې پورې په عمومي غونډو کې لږ لیدل کېده او په رسنیو کې يې هم په اړه ډېر لږ خبرونه خپاره شوي دي.
په خواله رسنیو کې یو بل تصویر هم له پرون راهیسې لاس په لاس کېږي، چې په اړه یې ویل کېږي، د افغانستان سولې عالي شورا مشر محمد کریم خلیلي هم د قاسم سلیماني د جنازې په مراسمو کې ګډون کړی دی.
خو د افغانستان بهرنیو چارو وزارت سرپرست وايي، ښاغلي خلیلي د افغان حکومت استازیتوب دې مراسمو ته نه دی تللی او هلته تګ یې شخصي دی.
نوموړی وايي، ښاغلی خلیلي د قاسم سلیماني له وژل کېدو مخکې د خپلې لور د واده په مراسمو کې د ګډون لپاره ایران ته تللی و.
په ورته وخت کې د افغانستان بهرنیو چارو وزارت تاییدوي چې په ایران کې د افغانستان سفیر د افغانستان په استازیتوب د جنرال قاسم سلیماني د جنازې په مراسمو ګډون کړی و او حیثیت یې رسمي او ديپلوماتیک و.
د ښاغلي سلیماني له وژل کېدو وروسته د افغان چارواکو غبرګونونه بېلا بېل وو. د افغانستان ولسمشرۍ ماڼۍ (په سیمه کې د تاو تریخوالي ډېرېدو په تړاو اندېښنه وښودله او ویې ویل، د افغانستان له خاوره به د هېڅ یوه هېواد پر ضد کار وانخیستل شي.
ولسمشر محمد اشرف غني له خپل ایراني سیال حسن روحاني سره په تیلیفوني خبرو کې "په بغداد کې د رامنځته شوې پېښې" په تړاو غمشریکي هم وکړه.

The new commander of Quds Forces Ismail Qa'ani close ties with Northern Alliance in Afghanistan



What was Ismail Qa’ani, the new commander of Quds Force doing in Bamyan recently. Why do Iranian terrorists bat around the country so freely and carelessly? The answer to that is simply Irans close ties with the warlords of Northern Alliance such as Dr. Abdullah Abdullah, Mohammad Mohaqiq and Latif Pedram. Their main goal is to make sure Afghanistan is becoming a puppet country to Iran. They share the same interests such as promoting Farsi inside Afghanistan since Tadjiks and Hazaras speaks both the same language as Iranians.

I've seen myself how containers after containers of books and literature from Iran is distributed freely as a gift from Iran to make sure that Afghanistan is influenced by the same mentality as the Iranians. Everyone inside in Afghanistan has noticed after September 11 that the language of the televisions narrators has changed from Dari to Farsi and more and more words from the Persian language is now used by the Tadjiks and especially Hazara people.  Sings in the streets has been changed to Farsi and students in university's are now speaking Farsi instead of Dari.

Ismail Qa'ani is as dangerous as Qasem Soleimani and should be watched closely including in best friends inside Afghanistan such as Abdullah Abdullah and Mohammad Mohaqiq. 

måndag, januari 06, 2020

Why Afghan Politicians Express Anger And Grief Over Soleimani's Killing

Qassem Soleimani w/ Afghan Northern Alliance leader Ahmad Shah Massoud, 1993, acc. to a post. At the time, Soleimani was fighting cartels

Afghan politicians’ immediate reaction to Qassem Soleimani’s killing showed a mixture of anger and grief. Several called him a martyr. However, they stressed that his killing should not become a tool of intensifying proxy wars inside Afghanistan.
Leading the chorus, former president Hamid Karzai condemned the killing and said such a move would further destabilize the region. Karzai’s stern reaction to Soliemani’s killing is rooted in his enmity with the United States that has recently soared.
Even though Karzai came to power with help from the United States in 2001 after the fall of the Taliban, his relationship with Washington deteriorated over the course of his 14-year reign. Some Afghan social media users criticized Karzai for backing Iran. They reminded him of his 2010 press conference in which he infamously admitted receiving bags of money from Iran. He termed the reported sum of $6 million as transparent aid to his office.

I strongly condemn the US drone strike in Baghdad that assassinated Iran’s Quds force commander General Qasim Soleimani. This action brazenly violates all international norms and threatens to further destabilise the region. I offer my condolences to Shaheed Soleimani's family...

760 people are talking about this
The United States confirmed killing the powerful commander of Iran’s elite Qods (Quds) Force in the late hours of January 2 in an air strike near Baghdad International Airport.
The same day, Afghan Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah expressed his condolences to Iran. In a statement, he acknowledged Soliemani’s cooperation with Afghans during decades of war in Afghanistan. Abdullah’s statement was not as harsh as his political party’s – Jammiat Islami. The lengthy press release on January 3 named Soleimani as a martyr and said the news of his death is received with deep grief and anguish.
Ahamd Zia Masoud, another leader of former Northern Alliance and brother of former legendry Mujahidden commander Ahmad Shah Masoud voiced his support for Iran. The former Vice President said on his Facebook post that Soleimani was an irreplaceable hero.
Jammiat Islami led by former Afghan foreign minister, Salahuddin Rabbani was part of Northern Alliance which fought the Taliban after the September 11 attacks on the United States. Northern Alliance had close relations with Iran. Unconfirmed and undated pictures have emerged on social media that purportedly show Qassem Soleimani with some of the Afghan Mujahiddeen leaders. Most of the former Northern Alliance commanders are ethnic Tajiks who have close relations with Iranians based on lingual affiliations. In Afghanistan, Tajiks speak Dari, a variety of Persian language.
Soleimani was the architect of Iran’s proxy wars in the Middle East. One creation of his, the Fatemiyoun Division is of particular concern in Afghanistan. With an estimated number between 10,000 to 20,000 fighters, the Fatemiyoun Division mainly consists of members of Afghan Shi’ite Hazara minority. The militia fought alongside Qods forces in Syria and Iraq and many have raised concerns that Iran can use these fighters in Afghanistan in case of a proxy conflict.
In November 2017, Deputy Afghan Chief Executive and a Shia Hazara politician Mohammad Mohaqiq confirmed Iran’s recruitment of these Afghan fighters. Speaking in an event in Tehran, he thanked Soleimani. “I thank all the warriors who cooperated in these wars from Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and other parts of the world,” Mohaqiq said. Head of Hizbi Wahdat party, Mohaqiq in a statement on Friday termed Soliemani’s death an irreplaceable loss. On the other hand, another Shia Hazara leader and Afghanistan’s Second Vice President Sarwar Danish expressed his concern over Soleimani’s killing and asked for “calm over the matter” from all sides.
“We assure all countries, far and near, especially Afghanistan’s neighbors, that Afghanistan will not be used against the interests of any country,” he repeated President Ashraf Ghani’s statement that was issued after a telephone conversation with the U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on January 3.
Perhaps a more unexpected reaction to Soleimani’s killing came from former National Security Advisor, Mohammad Hanif Atmar. He does not have much in common with former Mujahiddeen leaders to echo the same sentiments. Atmar said in a statement on January 3 that Soleimani was “martyred” and wished him a special place in heaven. A former Afghan intelligence officer during Soviet backed communist regime in the country, Haneef Atmar has fought against Afghan Mujahiddeen who were backed by Pakistan and Iran. Upon contact for this article, one of his aids who did not want to be named as he was not authorized to speak to the media said that Atmar knows the United States is withdrawing its forces from Afghanistan. “It’s our neighbors like Iran and Pakistan who would stay. Atmar wants to keep them happy,” he said.
Former Afghan Intelligence Chief and a contender in last September presidential election, Rahmatullah Nabeel took a different stance. “Soleimani was an asset for Iran but a threat to the region,” he tweeted.

Source: Radio Farda (https://en.radiofarda.com/a/afghan-politicians-express-anger-and-grief-at-soleimani-s-killing/30360239.html)

lördag, januari 04, 2020

Qasem Soleimani and his proxies in Afghanistan

Afther the death of Iran's top general Soleimani, allow of voices has been raised. Some in favour of the killing and many others against it.

Loudest condemnation came for current Afghan Chief Executive Abdullah Abdullah. In a Facebook post, Afghanistan's chief executive of the National Unity Government, Abdullah Abdullah, lamented the death of Soleimani.
"We express our condolence about this occurrence to Sarda Soleimani's family, the government and people of Iran." Abdullah wrote on his official Facebook page.

Another well know supporter of general Soleimani is Deputy Afghan Chief Executive Mohammad Mohaqiq.

While addressing an international summit of scholars from Iran and other Muslim nations, the Afghan deputy chief executive is shown praising Major General Qasem Soleimani, who commands foreign operations of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps. The gathering was convened to discuss ways to fight “the dark ideology” of IS terrorists from a unified Islamic front, according to Iranian media.

The Iranian general Soleimani is said to be one of the founders of the Fatemiyoun Division, made up of mostly Afghan fighters and deployed to the Syrian conflict zone.

“I thank all the warriors who cooperated in these wars from Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan, Pakistan and other parts of the world who attended the wars. In fact, it was the war of Islam against infidelity and against the conspiracies of the world arrogance,” Mohaqiq said.

Both of these two political figures (Abdullah Abdullah and Mohammad Mohaqiq) have enjoyed the kindness of US and recieved monetary and political support from US. What the Americans don't know is that both these two war criminals are in fact proxies of Qasem Soleimani and the Trump administration should deal with them accordingly as they did with Qasem Soleimani.

John Bass U.S. Ambassador to Afghanistan has so far only been interested to make share that both these warlods are kept in power and John Bass is having more or less daily meetings with Abdullah Abdullah to make sure he keeps his power share in the government of Afghanistan.


Soruces:
https://www.voanews.com/east-asia-pacific/official-thanks-iran-trained-afghan-warriors-syrian-victory

https://www.voanews.com/middle-east/voa-news-iran/afghan-leaders-lament-soleimanis-death-worry-about-regional-escalation

onsdag, januari 01, 2020

U.S.S.R. and Afghanistan sign “friendship treaty”


In an effort to prop up an unpopular pro-Soviet regime in Afghanistan, the Soviet Union signs a “friendship treaty” with the Afghan government agreeing to provide economic and military assistance. The treaty moved the Russians another step closer to their disastrous involvement in the Afghan civil war between the Soviet-supported communist government and the Muslim rebels, the Mujahideen, which officially began in 1979.

The Soviet Union always considered the bordering nation of Afghanistan of interest to its national security. Since the 1950s, the Soviet Union worked diligently to establish close relations with its neighbor by providing economic aid and military assistance. In the 1970s matters took a dramatic turn in Afghanistan, and in April 1978, members of the Afghan Communist Party overthrew and murdered President Sardar Mohammed Daoud. Nur Mohammed Taraki, head of the Communist Party, took over and immediately declared one-party rule in Afghanistan. The regime was extremely unpopular with many Afghans so the Soviets sought to bolster it with the December 1978 treaty. The treaty established a 20-year period of “friendship and cooperation” between the Soviet Union and Afghanistan. In addition to increased economic assistance, the Soviet Union promised continued cooperation in the military field. Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev declared that the treaty marked a “qualitatively new character” of relations between the two nations.

The treaty, however, did not help Afghanistan. Taraki was overthrown and killed by members of the Afghan Communist Party who were dissatisfied with his rule in September 1979. In December, Soviet troops moved into Afghanistan and established a regime more amenable to Russian desires. Thus began what many pundits referred to as “Russia’s Vietnam,” as the Soviets poured endless amounts of money, weapons, and manpower into a seemingly endless civil war. Mikhail Gorbachev finally began the withdrawal of Russian troops nearly 10 years later.

 

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